A lateral curve in the spine is called scoliosis. This can develop in a child or in an adult due to a variety of causes. In children, scoliosis can be caused by congenital malformations, neuromuscular diseases like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, or tumors. In adults, scoliosis can be caused by trauma, arthritis, or degenerative disc disease. Most often, however, the cause of scoliosis is unknown and is therefore called idiopathic scoliosis.
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Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis
Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Because idiopathic scoliosis is not usually painful, careful screening is important for all adolescents to discover which patients may have scoliosis and which may require treatment. Although most causes of scoliosis are unknown, some causes in adolescents such as leg length inequality, benign bone tumors, or psychological factors, can be easily and effectively treated In most cases of idiopathic scoliosis, simple observation and periodic examinations and x-rays are all that is needed. Other patients may need brace treatment or even surgery to prevent the curve from getting worse.
Lowcountry Orthopaedics’ Spine Team
2880 Tricom Street
North Charleston, SC 29406