What Is A Partial Knee Replacement?
A partial knee replacement is a medical procedure performed to replace a specific section of a damaged or diseased knee joint. Replacement operations involve one of the knee’s three compartments: the joint’s inside, which is medically referred to as the medial region, the outside, which is also known as the lateral section and the kneecap.
How Is A Partial Knee Replacement Performed?
Once the patient is administered anesthesia, a surgeon, typically one who specializes in orthopedic procedures will create an incision inside his or her knee near its damaged section. Following the incision, damaged or diseased bone and tissue are removed and these defective structures are replaced with ones created out of plastic and metal. After the newly inserted materials are inserted and fit firmly in place, the surgeon affixes the man-made structure to the remaining healthy portion of the knee joint with cement.
Who Is A Candidate For A Partial Knee Replacement?
Osteoarthritis, a progressive, degenerative condition that could result in inflammation and significant damage to body joints such as the knee, is the medical condition which often precipitates the need for an individual to undergo a partial knee replacement. In addition, surgery is typically only indicated if other methods of treatment such as the use of anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy and cortisone injections neither brought the patient any relief from pain and swelling nor improved his or her mobility difficulties.
In the not so distant past, partial knee replacements were performed on only a select group of people, usually older adults over the age of 60. However, more of these procedures are being performed on younger persons with knee issues limited to one specific region and is deemed an effective way of helping all people overcome the pain and potential mobility problems caused by arthritis.