What Causes Hip Dysplasia

An Overview of hip Dysplasia
Hip dysplasia is often referred to as a childhood disease. It is usually diagnosed in people who are under the age of 50. This condition occurs when the hip socket is not shaped properly and does not support the femoral head. Hip dysplasia typically affects the left hip.

This condition is hereditary. Breech babies, females and first-born children are at the greatest risk for developing hip dysplasia. Ninety percent of cases are diagnosed in adolescents and young adults. Hip dysplasia often leads to hip arthritis. Additionally, 10 percent of hip replacements are due to hip dysplasia.

Causes of hip Dysplasia

The exact causes of hip dysplasia are not known. However, this condition often develops during pregnancy. During the last month of pregnancy, there may not be enough room in the womb for the baby to grow. This can cause the hip to move out of its proper position. This condition is more likely to occur if it is the woman's first pregnancy. It is also more likely to occur if the baby is unusually large.

How is This Condition Diagnosed

A doctor can check for hip dysplasia during the well-baby visits. They will move the infant's legs in a variety of positions. Imaging tests may also be recommended.

How to Treat hip Dysplasia

Mild cases of hip dysplasia may not require treatment. Surgery is the most frequently-used treatment. However, surgery is typically not recommended for children and adolescents because their hip bone is not fully-developed. A brace can also be used for infants who are under the age of six months. Your doctor will develop the appropriate treatment plan for you.

Complications


Hip dysplasia can increase the risk of osteoarthritis. This condition causes the cartilage to break down, which causes the bones to rub against each other.